Mythological Spotlight #4: Enki

An ancient depiction of Enki

Description

Also known as Ea, Enki is an important deity recorded in one of the mythology of the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations. He tends to be viewed as the creator of humanity, a lord of wisdom and the soul, and as a rather mischievous deity. Enki was said to have resided in the deep primeval waters of the Abzu since before the creation of humans. Some people in this day and age believe that Enki is the original deity behind either Satan or Lucifer, often linking him with the serpent who persuaded Adam and Eve to eat the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden.

History

Enki was originally the patron deity of the Sumerian city of Eridu, a place often argued to be the oldest city in all of Sumer and still considered by some to be the oldest city in the world. Eridu was also considered to be the home of Enki and his temple, known as E-abzu (the house of Abzu). According the Sumerian Kings List, Eridu was the first city to which kingship was bestowed on earth, meaning that it was the first city of the kings, and in Sumerian mythology Eridu was not only the first city but it was built by the gods themselves and is also believed to be one of the first five cities built before the occurrence of a great deluge. Eridu would have much the same reputation in Babylon, where Eridu was believed to have been established by the deity Marduk as the first city. Eventually, Enki went from the local deity of Eridu to being one of the most powerful deities in the Sumerian pantheon and found himself in a triad of powerful deities consisting of Enki, Anu (a sky deity), and Enlil (a deity of wind and storms).

As the creator of humans, Enki had originally intended to create humans to work for the gods, specifically to supply them their food. But Enlil wanted to destroy the humans because he felt they made too much noise and prevented him from sleeping. Enlil sent disease and famine against mankind, but Enki found ways to prevent the total destruction of mankind. This lead Enlil to try and destroy mankind by flooding the world, but Enki had a human named Ziusudra build a boat in order to save himself, along with his family and livestock, from the flood sent by Enlil. After foiling Enlil’s attempts to destroy mankind, Enki and the other gods institute measures to control the population of mankind.

For the Sumerians, everything was ruled by a principle of cosmic order referred to as Me, and the rules of the universe were contained in a tablet known as the Tablet of Destinies. Enki was the deity who incarnated the principle of Me, and in one poem it is said that he created the Tablet of Destinies. One myth also shows Enki as having established the boundaries between nations and assigning all the other gods their roles. However, Enki has often been shown to lose control of this principle and the tablet that embodies it. In one instance, the goddess Inanna visits Enki for a feast and gets Enki drunk, and manages to take the tablet from him. When Enki returned to sobriety, he asked his servant for the Tablet of Destinies and realized that it had been lost. Inanna had taken the tablet to the city of Uruk (where she was a patron deity), and with it the principle of cosmic order and the gift of civilization, culture, and knowledge. Because of this, Eridu lost its prominence and the seat of power moved to Uruk, and presumably Inanna became much more popular from there. In another myth, the tablet is stolen by a lion-faced eagle named Anzu, and the hero Ninurta to retrieved it from Anzu. But Ninurta decided to keep the tablet, though Enki thwarted Ninurta’s ambitions by creating a turtle to drag him into a pit, and eventually the tablet was returned to Enki.

In Babylon and Akkad, Enki was known as Ea and was revered as the lord of ritual purification, sorcery, magic, and incantation. He was the favorite deity of diviners, exorcists, and sorcerers, and was hailed as the source of all ritual knowledge used to expel and avert the presence of evil; because of this, Ea was invoked in prayers for successful divination and the protection of kings. Ea was also considered an adviser to kings, a clever mediator capable of deviousness and cunning, and the patron of civilization and the arts and crafts. In Akkad, Ea was the father of the deity Marduk, who would later slay Tiamat and aid the establishment of civilization by the gods. However, as national deity and king of the gods, Marduk exceeded Enki in terms of importance. Eventually, the spells that removed evil invoked not merely Ea, but also Marduk and a solar deity named Shamash: Ea would provide the spell, but Marduk would oversee its implementation and Shamash would provide purification.

After the decline of Babylon and the rise of Semitic monotheism, Enki and the other Mesopotamian deities fell into decline and became obscured by the cult of Yahweh. But, in modern times, some have equated Enki with Satan and the serpent in the Garden of Eden. Particularly, a group of known as Joy of Satan who believe that Satan was in fact the Sumerian deity Enki, who they believe created humanity with the goal of having them ascend to godhood.A lot of it tends to be based on the reputation that Enki was a serpent deity, or a deity associated with serpents. In fact, Enki was originally associated with the fish, often depicted as being surrounded by streams with fish swimming in them. However, he was also associated with another animal: the goat. While the goat was also connected with Satan in medieval Christian lore, and later the world occultism and Satanism, the connection seems purely superficial. On a related note, the fish and the goat are the same animals that, combined, form the astrological sign of Capricorn. Then goat-fish was a symbol that appeared in Sumerian lore, and was associated with Enki. The serpent on the tree was probably lifted from either the deity Ningizzida, or the story of Gilgamesh’s quest for immortality, which was foiled by a serpent eating the fruit of immortality and gaining the power to shed its skin. The same serpent was purported to lead the first humans to knowledge of good and evil, but Enki did not do this. When Inanna stole the Tablet of Destinies, she brought knowledge of the divine order to the humans in the city of Uruk, meaning that it was her who brought knowledge to humans, rather than Enki who led the first humans to it. There was a tree that bore fruit in a place called Dilumn, a paradisaical abode that was inhabited by Enki and his wife Ninhursag. But that fruit contained Enki’s semen, and it wasn’t eaten by a proto-Adam and proto-Eve, but Enki himself, against the advice of Isimud. When he ate the forbidden fruit, and forbidden flowers, his wife cursed him and his body became injured. Ninhursag later gave birth to eight new goddesses to heal Enkis body, at the behest of Enlil, and one of these goddesses was Ninti, the lady of the rib, who became equated with Eve.

As far as Enki’s primary role is concerned, he is likely closer to Yahweh than Satan, or Lucifer for that matter. Some might say Enki corresponds to Satan because he resists the destruction headed for mankind via the deluge. But Enki does so by telling a human to build a boat to shelter from the flood, which is what Yahweh told Noah to do. Remember? But aside from that, there’s also little that Enki shares with Yahweh, at least compared to Anu or even Enlil, but Enlil doesn’t easily fit either. In a way, all three share characteristics and certain actions with Yahweh, but only on a small level. As another example, there’s a myth where Enki sets about confusing the tongues of humanity, much like Yahweh did in the Bible. Enki was described as changing the speech of Man and bringing contention into a once united Sumer, much like how the Bible describes humans as being united by a single language until Yahweh intervened in response to the construction of the Tower of Babel. Usually, the reason given is a rivalry between Enki and Enlil.

Conclusion

Enki’s role was probably more complex than simply the guy who created mankind and was a wisdom deity. His connection with Satan is pretty much superficial, based only on his connection with the goat, and his connection with Lucifer is by and large non-existent in that Enki and Lucifer simply have nothing to do with each other. It’s important to remember that Lucifer would be interested in the freedom of human beings to think for themselves individually, while Enki’s reason for creating humans was so that they could be the slaves who did work for the gods, and I doubt he intended to enlighten them in the way Lucifer would. And since Enki incarnated the principle of cosmic order and laws, it’s more likely Enki would have wanted humanity to follow the order of the gods rather than subvert it or liberate themselves from it, as Satan or Lucifer might. He is definitely closer to Yahweh than Satan or Lucifer, and even then it’s only in small ways. He was not the same as Yahweh any more than he was the same as Satan. The Yahweh we know today was a Canaanite war deity who took on the roles and attributes of other deities (probably including Enki or Ea). Enki generally reminds me more of the Vedic deity Varuna in his connection to both water and the cosmic order. It also seems that Enki fell on hard times and lost his prominence, though perhaps not in the same way Varuna did.

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One response to “Mythological Spotlight #4: Enki

  1. Satan is the Pagan God Enki-Ea who existed long before the Christian version of “Satan” was ever dreamed of. Even his name does not originate from Hebrew, it derives from Sanskrit in the east along with the variations of his name : Satanama, Satana, Satyan, Satnam, Sattan, Satam, Shatan, Sata, Sanat, etc.

    What the Bible teaches about him is a lie. Enki wanted humanity to be as the Gods.

    Yahweh did not want people to be free, unlike Enki. He wanted to enslave him. This can be seen throughout the Torah.

    The whole gold mining thing was created by Sitchin and actual Sumerian scholars pointed out that it wasn’t true. Same goes for Nibiru. They came from Orion is shown in ancient artifacts throughout the ancient world.

    Ea being associated with the Canaanite deity Yah is another lie. Ea was Kothar-wa-Khasis to the Canaanites and he helped Ba’al defeat Yah. They were two separate beings.

    We also have the Yezidis. They have very ancient roots being one of the Indo-European peoples who lived in the regions of ancient Mesopotamia. They are often believed to be a lost tribe that’s deeply connected to the Hindus of ancient India who also revered Melek Taus but under the name Murugan aka Sanat *(anagram of Satan, eastern name for Lucifer)* Kumara, Skanda, Kartikeya, etc.

    In texts from ancient India it mentions people leaving, and then there’s Yazidi records which happen to state that they came from India first and then into ancient Sumeria and Babylon. They knew Melek Taus as Enki.

    Melek Taus is known as “Shaitan” (Satan) and Enki was called “Shaitan” in some parts of Chaldea.

    When Enki was designated as “The Lord of Sama” in Northern Mesopotamia he was given the epithet “Sama.el” (originally Akkadian, not Hebrew) and “Samael” is synonymous with “Satan.”

    Enki’s Abzu means “abyss.” In other words, Enki, who is Satan, is the Lord of the abyss, which Christians believe to be their version of “Hell.” Originally “Hell” is a codeword forthe root chakra where the kundalini resides.

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